This website includes interests of a lifetime - ranging across nature, outer space, cities and places arising from the imagination. Auxiliary websites flow from the 'portal elsewhere'.




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Trans-Pecos Wilderness

Desert Bighorn SheepIf there is one word that would describe Texas wild lands today, it would be exotic. Texans has an affinity for exotic animals, especially deer and antelope, that are not native to the state. From 1963 to 1994, the exotic population in Texas grew from about 14,000 animals of 13 species to more than 195,000 animals and 71 species.

The chart below lists six exotic animals now roaming free in the state in such numbers that they must be considered permanent additions to the mammal fauna according to The Mammals of Texas by David J. Schmidly. According to the chart, Texas' record for preserving exotic species seems to lean toward those least in need of help. None of the species fall within the two categories most vulnerable to extinction: (1) critically endangered and (2) endangered. Only one is included within the third most concerned category: vulnerable.

Most Numerous Exotic Animals Currently Inhabiting Texas
Common Name Latin Name Native Land World status per IUCN Red List Estimated Number in Texas
Axis or Chital Deer Cervus Axix or axis axis India Least concern More than 20,000 (1994)
Blackbuck antelope Antilope cervicapra India & Pakistan Near Threatened 19,000 (1982)
Aoudad or Barbary Sheep Ammotragus lervia North Africa Vulnerable 20,000 (1989)
Fallow Deer Cervus dama Linnaeus Mediterranean Least Concern 14,163 (1988)
Nilgai Antelope Boselaphus tragocamelus India & Pakistan Least Concern 15,000 (1983)
Sika Deer Cervus nippon East Asia Least Concern 11,879 (1988)