If there is one word that would describe Texas wild lands today, it would be exotic. Texans has an affinity for exotic animals, especially deer and antelope, that are not native to the state. From 1963 to 1994, the exotic population in Texas grew from about 14,000 animals of 13 species to more than 195,000 animals and 71 species.
The chart below lists six exotic animals now roaming free in the state in such numbers that they must be considered permanent additions to the mammal fauna according to The Mammals of Texas by David J. Schmidly. According to the chart, Texas' record for preserving exotic species seems to lean toward those least in need of help. None of the species fall within the two categories most vulnerable to extinction: (1) critically endangered and (2) endangered. Only one is included within the third most concerned category: vulnerable.
|Most Numerous Exotic Animals Currently Inhabiting Texas|
|Common Name||Latin Name||Native Land||World status per IUCN Red List||Estimated Number in Texas|
|Axis or Chital Deer||Cervus Axix or axis axis||India||Least concern||More than 20,000 (1994)|
|Blackbuck antelope||Antilope cervicapra||India & Pakistan||Near Threatened||19,000 (1982)|
|Aoudad or Barbary Sheep||Ammotragus lervia||North Africa||Vulnerable||20,000 (1989)|
|Fallow Deer||Cervus dama Linnaeus||Mediterranean||Least Concern||14,163 (1988)|
|Nilgai Antelope||Boselaphus tragocamelus||India & Pakistan||Least Concern||15,000 (1983)|
|Sika Deer||Cervus nippon||East Asia||Least Concern||11,879 (1988)|